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Treatments for toenail fungus:

Generic Name: Itraconazole
Brand Name(s): Sporanox
Treatment Form: liquid or capsules

What is Itraconazole?

Itraconazole, which is also known by the brand name Sporanox, is a drug used in the treatment of fungal infections. In addition to treating toenail fungus, itraconazole can be used to eliminate fungal infections in any part of the body, including the fingernails, toenails, lungs, mouth and throat.

Dosage and Administration of Itraconazole for Toenail Fungus

Itraconazole may be taken orally as a capsule or a liquid. A prescription is required to use itraconazole in the United States, and it should denote the form in which the medication should be taken. The capsules should be taken after a meal, but the liquid must be taken on an empty stomach, one hour before a meal or two hours after eating. A measuring device will be provided with the liquid medication to ensure the correct dosage is taken. The required dosage and the length of the treatment will depend upon the type of fungus that is causing the infection, and which part of the body is affected.

It is important to complete the entire prescribed course of itraconazole treatment, even if the symptoms appear to have disappeared before the end of the treatment. The infection could return if the medication is stopped early.

The effects of itraconazole on toenail fungus can take some times to become visible since the nails will not return to normal until new nails have grown. The results will usually not begin to be seen for several months and it can take up to a year for the whole toenail to be replaced with new, healthy looking growth.

Side Effects of Itraconazole

The possible side-effects of itraconazole include fever, shortness of breath, tingling or numbness, nausea, swelling, weight gain, a burning sensation when urinating, and hearing problems. Itraconazole can cause allergic reactions in some patients.

Warnings and Precautions When Taking Itraconazole

Itraconazole may interact adversely with a number of different medications. Patients should inform their doctor of any medications or dietary supplements they are taking. They should also inform their doctor of any medical conditions such as heart problems or breathing disorders. Itraconazole is not suitable for women who are pregnant or people who have ever had congestive heart failure.